Health

KALA-AZAR outbreak hits Tharaka-Nithi county

The disease could be fatal if left untreated image/courtesy

There is a reported outbreak of KALA-AZAR in Tharaka-nithi county. According to health officials, so far 33 people are reported to have been infected with the disease with 5 fatalities in the last few months.

What You need to know about KALA-AZAR

According to doctorswithoutborders.org :

Kala azar (also known as visceral leishmaniasis) is the second largest parasitic killer in the world—only malaria is more deadly. Along with Chagas disease and sleeping sickness, kala azar is one of the most dangerous neglected tropical diseases (NTDs).

Kala azar is endemic in 76 countries with approximately 200 million people at risk of infection.

The parasite is spread to humans through the bite of infected female sand flies. It attacks the immune system, and is almost always fatal if not treated.

There are between 200,000 and 400,000 new cases a year, about 90 percent of which are in IndiaBangladesh, Nepal, Sudan, and Brazil.

the symptoms of the disease include : sores or ulcers at the site of the bite. If the disease progresses, it attacks the immune system.

Kala azar presents after two to eight months with more generalized symptoms including prolonged fever and weakness.